It was founded in 1968 (when the previous group of newszines had ceased publication) by Charlie Brown, Ed Meskys and Dave Vanderwerf, as a newszine to promote the (ultimately successful) Boston in '71 Worldcon bid. It was called Locus because, if a lot of news were to break quickly, they would publish a plague of LOCUSes. (It could have been LGM for "Little Green Men.") The original plan was for it to be a single sheet where each news item would be added to a mimeo stencil as it came in and, when two stencils was filled, it would be run off and mailed out.
The first trial issue was sent out along with a flyer for the 1968 Belknap College Tolkien Conference that Meskys was organizing. A second trial issue was mailed to more prospective subscribers and then Logus #1 was mailed to actual subscribers. It was originally intended to run only until the site-selection vote at St. Louiscon, but after #4, Dave Vanderwerf dropped out and after #11, Ed Meskys did, and Brown decided to continue publishing Locus as a mimeographed newszine devoted to both fandom and professional sf.
Locus became the successor to the decades-old monthly newszine Science Fiction Times (formerly Fantasy Times, founded 1941), when SFT ceased publication in 1970. Along with his then wife, Dena Brown, Charles N. Brown directed Locus/ as publisher and editor-in-chief for more than 40 years, from 1968 until his death in July 2009. Since then, Locus has been run by Liza Groen Trombi.
Locus has had an almost unparalleled record in awards:
The Best Semiprozine Hugo category was created to remove Locus from the Best Fanzine Hugo category since by the early 80s it circulation had grown to make it completely dominant in the category, and its focus had changed to be substantially a trade magazine for the sf field.
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