(1916 - 1995)
In 1939, Ian Ballantine initiated the distribution of Penguin Books in the United states. As a team, the Ballantines were involved in the formation of Bantam Books in 1945, and Ian was the first president of Bantam (1945 to 1952).
Ballantine Books was one of the earliest publishers of SF paperback originals, with writers that included Arthur C. Clarke, Chad Oliver, and Frederik Pohl. During the 1960s, Ballantine published the first authorized paperback editions of Tolkien's books. In the 1970s, Lin Carter edited their Ballantine Adult Fantasy series that included works by H. P. Lovecraft.
Other Awards and Honors:
- 1975 — World Fantasy Award
- 1980 — Coveted Balrog Award
- 1984 — World Fantasy Special Award
- 1985 — Nebula Award
- 2008 — Science Fiction Hall of Fame